Who Invented Mathematics?
Mathematics has always been a major part of our lives. It is used in our everyday lives to solve real world problems. From counting money to calculating physics of hunting, math has helped us for ages. Even the most primitive cultures figured out ways to use math to perform their daily tasks. During the Renaissance period, new mathematical developments were influenced by scientific discoveries. Today, mathematics is one of the most important subjects in human society.
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The ancient Greeks laid the foundation for geometry and arithmetic. Pythagoras’s groundbreaking work led to numerous advances in geometrical study. Archimedes studied spirals bearing his name, established formulas for surface volumes of an ellipsoid, and found a volume for a spherical.
Although the Greeks are usually credited with the invention of math, many other civilizations have made significant contributions to its development. In fact, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact date of the earliest mathematical discoveries. Different cultures, such as those in Africa, Mesopotamia, and Central America, contributed to the creation of different types of math.
Mathematical documents dating back to the eighth century B.C. have been identified from various places, including Egypt and India. Some of the earliest surviving texts from India contain instructions for building altars and a Pythagorean theorem. Ancient Egyptian papyruses also provide evidence of their mathematics.
Ancient Indians were responsible for the development of a number system that became known as the Hindu-Arabic numerals. These numerals were introduced to the West by Leonardo of Pisa in 1202, when he witnessed a system of arithmetic in Bejaia, Algeria.
Many indigenous societies had their own math systems, including those in Egypt, Central America, and India. Their concepts were interpreted in different ways, including the use of different expressions. They had extensive calendars that helped them understand how time passed. This helped them in astronomy, as well as in understanding the physics of hunting.
The Islamic Empire of the seventh and eighth centuries AD also made notable contributions to the development of mathematics. Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, for example, transmitted the Hindu-Arabic numeral system to the West. His Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing was translated into Latin by Robert of Chester.
Among other contributions to the development of mathematics, Sir Issac Newton developed early physics and calculus. He also discovered the laws of universal gravitation.
Mathematics is now used in every field of science. We can trace its origin to a time when people began to calculate how much interest a business would have, to how much money they could earn, and even how long a person was going to live. When we look at how far we have come, it is hard to imagine how our civilization has grown without the help of math.
As the world grew, the demands on our physical sciences increased. In order to deal with these demands, more complex mathematics was needed. Since the seventeenth century, math has been an integral part of technology. New areas of mathematics have been developed to deal with increasing amounts of data.